Struggling making a decision between Hanoi vs Ho Chi Minh City for your upcoming trip to Vietnam? In this article I’m comparing both cities in terms of food, safety, places to visit and overall vibe for you to decide its overall travel potential. Which one is the right for you?
Vietnam is not the easiest of countries to travel in but at the same time is one of the most rewarding and fascinating to visit.
As part of my month-long trip to Vietnam, I had the chance to visit both of its major cities.
Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon) are very similar in some aspects. The flavorful street food options, the quaint traditional shops and surely the hyperactive pace led by the endless hectic traffic of scooters crossing the streets.
Still they look and feel completely different. How do they actually compare as a travel destination? Let’s go into the nitty gritty!
The entire Vietnam is a true gem to try affordable mouth-watering dishes. Expect lovely combinations involving mint, dill, lemongrass and turmeric. Honestly I think both Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City are amazing places for foodies.
The national dish, pho, is king in Hanoi. This delicious hearty noodle soup with meat and fresh greens is available in virtually every restaurant and street food stall. It’s a satisfying meal for less than a $1. There is no shortage of other local delicacies though like banh mi (filled baguettes), bun cha (grilled pork and noodles) and gỏi cuốn (fresh translucid spring rolls).
HCMC is a bit more ecletic and modern. Apart from street food options at least as solid as its northern counterpart, it has a strong café culture thanks to the French influence and a huge variety of international restaurants. From the local stall to fine-dining experiences, the food spectrum is wider, earning former Saigon the title of food capital of Vietnam.
Ho Chi Minh City trumps Hanoi on this one. 0-1.
Even though they’re part of the same country, there’s a marked difference between the climates of Saigon and Hanoi. In fact Vietnam is so spread out that weather changes dramatically in each region.
Hanoi is located on the Red River delta, up North. Expect hot wet summers and cool dry winters. It can get quite cold here during northern hemisphere winter so from September to November and from March to May are 2 best periods to visit Hanoi.
Ho Chi Minh City lies 1130km (!) south of Hanoi, on the southern tip of Vietnam. With a tropical climate, there are only 2 defined seasons (wet and dry). The best time to go is obviously during the dry season, from December to April.
When it comes to weather, the warmer the better. Ho Chi Minh City wins again. 0-2.
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Let’s be honest, Vietnam doesn’t exactly hold the award for the safest and scam-free country in the world. As a foreigner, the sad truth is many people WILL try to take advantage of you. The more you look like a tourist, the more often it will happen.
Vietnamese people are not violent or aggressive in any way, but be cautious of pickpocketing and overcharges in tour agencies, hotels and shops.
Tip: carry your stuff thinking somebody will try to steal it. Not going to lie – it’s tiring after a few days – but it’s the best way to keep everything safe.
Scams are not uncommon in both Hanoi and Saigon. In Hanoi, there was a lot of pressure to book overpriced tours for Sapa and cruises in Halong Bay. From my hotel to shops and street vendors. Also, anyone who offers to pose with you on photos will eventually ask for money.
My experience in Ho Chi Minh City was more hardcore though. I’m pretty sure they tried to clone my card in a restaurant (they removed the safety strip I had put in the 3-code digit on the back). Also bag snatching there reaches another level with people mounted on bikes stealing belongings from the ones walking on the sidewalk. In a city with 6 million motorbikes, that’s a real problem.
Overall I felt safer in Hanoi: it wins the point on this one. 1-2.
Vietnam is in general very inexpensive. The major cities are perhaps the places where prices are more inflated, but even so a standard local restaurant has much lower prices than anywhere in the West.
Saigon feels more developed and it has a larger number and variety of infrastructure. Particularly in terms of food, here’s a bit of everything from improvised restaurant terraces on the sidewalk to high-end dining. Both my cheaper and most expensive meals we’ve had in Vietnam were in Ho Chi Minh. The same range of prices can be found in hotels and shops.
My impression is that if you want to travel on a shoestring budget, Ho Chi Minh City offers the best opportunity just because it has a larger offer. But don’t get me wrong, you can easily spend less than $40 per day in Hanoi, accommodation included.
Even though Numbeo sees it as a close call, I think Ho Chi Minh City has a slight edge on cost for travelers. 1-3.
Both cities have a big choice of great hotels with excellent value-for-money ratio. As a heavy user of Booking.com I’ve never had to decide between so many hotels with 9+ ratings like in Vietnam!
Accommodation in Hanoi
Hotels in Hanoi tend to be properties with original concepts and extremely personalized services.
Amongst the streets of the Old Quarter there are elegant colonial buildings with a wide offer of accommodation.
Best hotels in Hanoi
Check this list of the best accommodation in Hanoi I’ve put together to get you started.
All of these are located in very heart of the city (Old Quarter), have free WiFi and a rating of 9 or more!
Or just go with my top suggestion:
Superbly decorated hotel in the heart of Hanoi. A delight getaway to the chaotic streets outside. A fabulous breakfast is included in the room price. This is amazing value for money!
Accommodation in Hi Chi Minh City
Saigon on the other hand, offers more variety – from the backpacker’s hostels in Pham Ngu Lao Street to fancy hotels targeting business and high-end travelers in District 1.
Best hotels in Ho Chi Minh City
Use this list of quality hotels and guesthouses in Ho Chi Minh City I’ve put together to get you started.
All of these are located in the heart of the city (District 1), with free WiFi and a rating of 9 or more!
Or you can go directly with my top suggestion:
Charming shack-themed hotel with an unique concept. It’s located right in the center of District 1, where everything happens in Ho Chi Minh City but tucked away from the noisy traffic.
Honestly can’t decide, so a point for each. 2-4.
Sights & Things To Do
Sightseeing in Hanoi: Temples & History
Saying I fell in love with the atmosphere in Hanoi is an understatement. In the middle of such a chaotic city, there’s genuinity and history flowing in between the pagodas, shops and markets of the Old Quarter. The city is considered the cultural capital of Vietnam for a reason.
Here are Hanoi‘s top attractions:
- Old Quarter: fascinating maze of streets to get beautifully lost and indulge in great food, haggle in the hundreds of artisan shops for anything you could possible want. Each street is unique and is reminiscent of a time where each was specialized in selling one type of item.
- Temple of Literature: Home of Vietnam‘s first national university, this picturesque temple and its grounds are an intelectual escape from the noisy center.
- Hoan Kiem Lake: The focal point of the city. You can find people doing tai-chi classes on its margins.
Sightseeing in Ho Chi Minh City/Saigon: War & Colonial Buildings
Ho Chi Minh City is much harder to get around. The most popular attraction – Cu Chi Tunnels – are really far away so you’ll need to get your own wheels or book an organized tour. Nevertheless there are still things to do.
Here are Saigon‘s top 3 attractions:
- Golden Dragon Water Puppet Theater: go here for an authentic Vietnamese puppet show who takes place in the water. It’s odd but entertaining.
- Saigon Notre-Dame Cathedral: yes, thanks to the French influence, Saigon has its own Notre-Dame Cathedral! A true colonial architecture delight that really stands out in the landscape of the city.
- War Remnants Museum: since most of the fighting in Vietnam War happened in the south of the country, many evocative artefacts can be found in the city. Eye-opening, impactful and gruesome.
Overall Hanoi definitely wins this one, it’s much more interesting as a tourist. 3-4.
Day trips from Saigon
A top option for a day trip from HCMC is the Cu Chi tunnels. During the Vietnam War, this incredible but claustrophobic work of engineering was used by the Viet Cong Army. Tours are best booked through a travel agency.
Further south, the Mekong Delta is one of the most unique experiences to have in the whole country. Tours allow you to cruise the river on a private long-tail boat while glimpsing into floating markets and the fascinating aquatic lifestyle of the locals.
Day trips from Hanoi
From Hanoi, you can reach one of the Modern 7 Wonders of the World. Halong Bay is a breathtaking seascape of limestone rocks emerging of calm blue waters. Technically it can be visited as a day-trip, but for a more slow-paced unique experience, people normally opt for 1,2 or 3-day cruises. There are hundreds of options so I’ve written an article on how to choose the best cruise in Halong.
Another popular day trip from Hanoi is the Ninh Binh, appropriately nicknamed the “Halong Bay in land”. It’s a dreamy landscape of rice fields, pagodas and limestone cliffs unlike anything I’ve ever seen before. By far my favorite part of Vietnam and I highly recommend adding 2/3 days here to your itinerary.
There are great day trip options on both, but Hanoi has the edge. 4-4.
Make sure you read my key tips and tricks before going for a safe, worry-free and memorable Vietnam trip.
26 Things To Know Before Visiting Vietnam!
People & Lifestyle
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People from the northern Vietnam are known for being a bit more blunt and formal than further south. Not that they’re rude. It’s just traditional values still dictate most of the behaviour of people in Hanoi and they can easily come across as less friendly.
On this sense, I believe the influence of other cultures, specially American and French, had a great impact in Ho Chi Minh City. Innovation and modernism are encouraged and in general everyone is more open to engage with foreigners. We had friendly people spontaneously starting conversation with us when we were sitting on benches in a park.
Without wanting to cause a war, I think Ho Chi Minh City wins the people’s award. 4-5.
Neither of these 2 cities have the spectacular impact of shopping experiences found elsewhere in Asia – looking at you Bangkok. But if you’re looking for bargains, you can’t go wrong in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.
In Hanoi’s Old Quarter the streets are still named according to pre-colonial times. Each one of them is specialized in a certain type of products like shoes, silk and silver items. Souvenirs, textiles and other unique handmade items are also common.
In Ho Chi Minh City you can haggle pretty much anything in the world-famous Ben Thanh Market. Higher-end shops and modern shopping malls like Takashimaya Vietnam and Vincom Center complete a rather more comprehensive and varied shopping scene. Superior shopping in clothing and electronics.
This really depends on what you’re looking to shop. It’s a really close call but Hanoi is more authentic. 5-5!
Hanoi vs Ho Chi Minh City: Where To Go After All?
So it’s a tie 5-5! What to do now?
The truth is Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh are contrasting cities in many ways and they shed a different light on Vietnam as a country. If you have enough time on your hands, include both on your itinerary for a more well-rounded experience.
However if you have to take a pick, this has to come down to your travel style and what do you plan to do in Vietnam. In a sense it’s a showdown of history vs innovation, tradition vs modernity. The below can help:
Why to choose Hanoi over Ho Chi Minh City
Somehow, Hanoi feels like a big village. Even though it’s a massive metropolis, the Old Quarter has managed to keep grasps of authenticity. The artistic, traditional and creative side of Vietnam is more evident here.
If you’re in Vietnam just for leisure and in a short schedule, I’d definitely choose Hanoi. It has a fascinating mix of culture, parks and architecture and overall enough things to keep you busy for days.
It’s also closer to some of the most amazing experiences you can do in the country such as cruising Halong Bay and exploring the Ninh Binh region.
Why to choose Ho Chi Minh City over Hanoi
As the business and economic beating heart of Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City feels much more busy and lively. There are more things happening and it has superior better infrastructure for tourists. It’s more Westernized and boasts a wider range of options for eating out, shopping and partying late. Surely one of the most exciting cities in Asia!
If you’re in Vietnam for a longer period, Ho Chi Minh City is definitely your place to settle. It doesn’t come as a surprise that many entrepeneurs and digital nomads choose Saigon to settle for a few weeks/months. Side note: the coffeeshops and co-working spaces are the best I’ve seen in the entire world.
In between the chaos, there are great opportunities for a high standard of living in HCMC.
Best time to go to Vietnam
Vietnam is a huge country so the weather is highly dependent on the region you’re traveling to. It’s a rather complex weather picture.
The North experiences distinct variations through the seasons (spring-summer-fall-winter). While summer highs easily hit 30-40°C (June-August), the winters (December-February) can be cold and misty.
In southern Vietnam – Saigon included – the temperatures remain more or less constant and warm. The dry season lasts from December to late April/May, while the rainy season hit between May-November.
Altitude and monsoons make weather patterns in specific regions to be completely different. Did you know it can even snow in Sapa during the winter (December-February)? And that typhoons hit central part of the country often during August to November?
It’s hard to recommend one particular period to visit Vietnam. But considering all the factors, fall (September- December) and spring (March-May) seem to have the mildest temperatures throughout the entire country.
In any case try to time your visit well so that you’re prepared and pack accordingly. Have a read at the below:
Having trouble figuring out what to pack for your trip?
Make sure you check out my post
What to pack for Southeast Asia if it’s your first time!
Other travel blogs from Vietnam
Here are some more reads to inspire you on your upcoming trip to Vietnam:
Hope this article helps to make up your mind on this Hanoi vs Ho Chi Minh City decision!
Would love to hear where are you heading in the end!
24 comments 💬
Excellent article! Very informative and helpful! Thanks a lot! I’m excited about our trip in April. My husband and I are planning to tour around Vietnam, Cambodia and Thailand for our 3rd wedding anniversary. But we only have 10 days to do it that’s why we’re planning our trips well. Thanks again!
In Vietnam among Ho chi min city or Hanoi which is much better with near by worth seen places to vist
just read your article found it very interesting could not make my mind up where to go
Hanoi or Ho chi min city, but as we are going in December im opting for Ho chi min city ,
but we are going to NMA TRONG beach resort for the first 8 days, ( im going for my 70 birthday)
Last went to Ho Chi Min city , in 2006 ater the Tsunami which i was involved in
hopefully this holiday will be less eventual .
Thanks for the great review explaining the difference between the two – we have 10 days in Vietnam and I was wondering whether to include Hoi An. We are going in early Jan and I think the weather in Hanoi might not be as warm as HCMC?
When I landed in Ho Chi Minh city, I had my notes compiled with info on what to eat and where, and I found your post 😀
That’s great to know! How was it?
Thanks for the tips here.
I would agree that they are close together in terms of scores, but it depends on what sort of traveller you are.
People looking for a more chilled out time would probably do Hanoi, as HCMC seemed very hectic. If you enjoy your Copenhagen trips over your London trips, or your Naples over Rome, etc, you will love Hanoi.
If you want to experience a mad Asian city, accompanied with a huge amount of history and patriotism, HCMC is the one. Hanoi is definitely more influenced by its whole past, HCMC definitely focuses on the recent past and recent victories over the French and particularly the Americans.
They are so far apart, I guess it is like trying to compare London and Paris, each famous for different things, but ultimately the same amazing experience for either.
Hanoi wins my vote, as the Old Quarter is one of my favourite parts of any city I have visited.
Thanks for the guide!
You’re entirely right.
The overall goal of this post was never to ultimately decide “which city is the best”, but rather to discuss both places in several aspects. It’s now up to each to choose whichever speaks to you the most.
And I also think the Old Quarter of Hanoi has something really special about it!
I visit Vietnam many times, Ho Chi Minh City, CA Mau, Ben Tri, and Ba Tri. I do have an advantage my wife is from Ba Tri so there is no language problem. It is a inexpensive place to visit. A 3 star hotel in Saigon is $35 a night, we eat mom and pop places and street food. They are excellent. You can eat for less then $5 a meal. When you go to the country be prepared to be a tourist attraction. I found a lot of people want to talk English to you. Where I go I never felt unsafe but I do use common sense safety. Snatch and go of phones and bags do happen from people on mopeds. Also in the country hotel’s are about $8-$10 a night. Now they will be a 1-2 star but they are clean. I have yet to meet anyone that was not nice to me. Funny thing I very rarely show police on the street.
Thanks for sharing your input.
Indeed white people are an attraction to locals, mainly because they see us as cash cows!
Great indepth post. Thank you for taking time to write this. Very helpful
Thank you for passing by!
I’m a Vietnamese and I’m sure you have not discovered all the good things ’bout Hanoi. People are nice the way they are economical but in HCMC, you’ll lose all of your pocket listening to people’s suggestions in a week. People seems to forget ’bout this beautiful capital to get away with modern things. And I think the food section isn’t right. HCMC isn’t as diverse as Hanoi, just try.
Thank you for your input.
I definitely don’t want to come across as an expert in Hanoi, I’m sure there are many spots, places and experiences I still have to try in Hanoi (just like in HCMC). This is only me sharing my personal experience!
I’m currently in Vietnam and i disagree with your statement about Hanoi and Mekong delta!
There is nothing to do in Hanoi apart from walk around, no attractions at all! Mekong delta is a smelly river full of garbage and it’s not worth it at all going there, given there is no float marketing anymore.
Hi chi Minh is an amazing and vibrant place, full of life and things to do and eat. So please don’t think twice and go to Ho Chi Minh. And DONT GO TO MEKONG DELTA!!!!
Thanks for your opinion.
However I’m sure you understand Mekong Delta is in the south, just like HCMC. Hanoi is all the way up in the North.
As a Vietnamese I strongly agree with you.
Many westerners love Mekong Delta as it happens to be unique lifestyle no other places have, but to VNese at high demand in general, it is quite unimpressive, dirty rivers, full of garbage (I hope people will realise it to adjust their habit) although it offers some nice marks such as tropical fruit orchards, floating markets… If any international friends tell me they wanna head to Mekong Delta, I just simply smile and say “check it through” without any high recommendation.
I am working in HCM city but had a trip to Ha Noi. Like what you say, what do visitors do in Ha Noi to find it more interesting compared to HCM City? Nothing much to VNese in general. My friend who had spent 5 university years in Ha Noi (we are both from the South of Vietnam) said she could not understand why many foreigners came to Ha Noi as it had nothing much to do, plus, local people there are quite “mysterious”, usually tend to scam you from time to time. However, I understand that many want to know different cultures in the countries they visit, so Ha Noi is a better option as it offers traditional temples, university, old quarter… which seem pretty typically Vietnamese that HCM City can not do enough, but to VNese, its simply boring.
The best reason to go to Ha Noi is, if you wanna discover a range of stuffs advertised widely in the internet such Ha Long Bay, Sapa… then Ha Noi is better than HCM City. In the south, we dont have many nice places to visit. But once travelling in these mentioned places, be careful what you want to buy, to book, to enjoy as it happens to get scammed anywhere in the North, even VNese get scammed, not only foreigners.
However, in the point of local, the best place to go in Vietnam is neither the North (where Ha Noi) nor the South (where Ho Chi Minh city), it is definitely the central of the country with variety of nice things to do: discovering history in historical city Hue, enjoying walking through the ancient town Hoi An, watching lively corals under pristine seawater of Cham Island, trying local foods in the central’ biggest and most modern city Da Nang (surely this city is far better than HCM or Ha Noi), seeing breathtaking view cross the mountain pass from Hue to Da Nang, and the best thing of them all: discovering the Nation Park Phong Nha Ke Bang with full of mysterious caves, including the bigger found cave all over the world Son Doong cave, hiking, treking through the tropical jungle to reach stunning sceneries, immersing in pristine and naturally blue-colored springs… Hesitate where to come in Vietnam, go ahead to the central. If someone recommends the north or the south to you, it is simply they are foreigners or Vietnamese who have not taken their feet out of their hometown, both type just know Vietnam by advertising posts. As a Vietnamese traveler, I surely recommend the central.
Thank you for this wonderful site. Was extremely helpful.
I am traveling from South Africa and going to Hong Kong for 1 week and would love to add Vietnam to my trip.
Do it, you won’t regret it 😉
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Err.. thanks I guess.
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